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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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in Poland. Neither the Moscow verdict in the recent trial nor the Moscow
agreement will break this movement. The Atlantic Democracies for their
own purposes agreed with this status existing in Poland—a Government
forced on the country from abroad. This Moscow agreement is a Russian
victory to eliminate any West European and American influence from
Central and Eastern Europe."
The new Government (termed by the Poles the { Government of Inter-
national Unity ') informed London and Washington of their full recogni-
tion of the Yalta decisions., and were duly recognised by those Govern-
ments. The Polish Government in London lost its diplomatic status in
the countries of her Western Allies. Poland was openly abandoned, it
was a formal acknowledgement of the existing situation. Already in
May, Britain, who in Article 7 of the Anglo-Polish Treaty was under an
obligation " net to conclude an armistice or treaty of peace except by
mutual agreement/' signed the surrender of Germany without informing
Poland. On May 13, in his speech on the progress of the war, the British
Prime Minister did not even mention her name, while General
Eisenhower, the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Forces in Europe,
in his Order of the Day to mark the end of the war, also omitted any
mention of the Polish Army.
On Jane 25, the Polish Government in London published a proclamar
tion to its people :— .
" L For some years the policy of submission, pursued by big and small
nations, to the demands of Hitlerite Germany 3 led unavoidably to the war
and enabled the Germans to prepare for it. Poland rejected the German
suggestion of a common action against Russia and then opposing the German
plans and aims, took arms to defend her integrity and independence.
"2. When the war broke out Poland had had the guarantees of Great
Britain and France. These guarantees provided an immediate help of
those Powers in case of the German aggression. Besides the British
guarantee, according to Article 5 of the Protocol to the Agreement of Mutual
Assistance between the United Kingdom and Poland of 25th August, 1939,
anticipated that:
" The Undertakings mentioned in Article 6 of the Agreement
should they be entered into by one of the Contracting Parties with a
third State would of necessity be so framed that their execution should
at no time prejudice either the sovereignty or territorial inviolability
of the other Contracting Party.
"3. The Polish Nation took arms in the defence of her own freedom
and that of the other nations. The Polish soldier, in September, 1939,
saved the freedom of Europe and perhaps the freedom of the world. If
Poland, in 1939, had capitulated without fight or what would be even worse,
had become a satellite of Germany, the freedom of European peoples would
be buried probably for many decades. Poland was defeated in an uneven
fight against Germany, supported by the Soviet Union, and the Western
Powers were not able to fulfil their obligation of an immediate attack on
" 4. The Polish Government states that Poland has fulfilled all her
obligations. She did not capitulate and she did not try to conclude a
separate peace with Germany and carried on a stubborn fight against them